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HİSTORİCAL PLACES AND OLD RUİNS OF İZMİR


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 Sayfa Sayısı : 7 Sayfa
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Ödevin Özeti

Izmir is the pearl of the Aegean, a fascinating city whose history begins in the mists of legend. Turkeys third largest city and second most important port, Izmir is the center of tourism in the region. This modern city still retains traces of its ancient, Ottoman and Levantine past.

AGORA: Etymologically, agora means Public Square and shopping area. Agora, which has commercial, judicial and political functions, is a place where the art activities increases and where monuments, temples and statues were exist.
Agora which is in Namazgah area of İzmir remained from Rome Period (AD 2nd century) and it was built according to Hippodamos city plan, in three floors, close to the centrum. İzmir agora is the biggest and best protected of the Ion agoras.
Most part of İzmir agora was found with the digs executed by Rudolf Naumann, Professor F. Miltner and Selahattin Kantar, the director of İzmir Ephesus museums between the years 1932 - 1941 and it was found that it is a three - floor structure columns and arches around a large courtyard (120 x 180 m) in the middle of the building.
Recent digs in agora begun on August 5th, 1996 with the approval of Ministry of Culture and support of İzmir Governor Office and the Directorate of Archaeology Museum.
At south east side of the agora, the surface area of agora increased to 16.590 m2 after the surrounding wall of Misak-ı Milli Primary School, which was burnt in 1980s, was added to agora. The agora studies were executed with the sponsorship of İzmir Municipality.
At the recent studies, the most important work has been executed by finding at the northern gate of agora. It was found that the Goddess Vesta embossments found in these digs were the continuation of embossments of Zeus temple. Also God Hermes, Dionysos, Eros, Herakles statues; many man-woman-animal statues, heads, embossments and monuments made of marble, stone, bone, glass, metal and cooked soil were found. The inscriptions found here give us information about the people who aided to İzmir for the İzmir earthquake in AD 178.
BERGAMA: As the result of the archeological digs that started in Bergama in 1878 by Carl Humman and Alexander Conze, a museum has been built near the German Excavation House of today during the digs made in the acropolis between the years 1900 - 1913. This museum is one of the two archeological stores that were in Turkey. The digs in Bergama, which were interrupted because of the 1st World War, were started again by of Theodor Wiegand. In the same year, with the start of the digs in Asklepieion in addition to the acropolis digs, a new museum building was needed.



Marshall Fevzi Çakmak, who came to Bergama in 1932 has been interested with the subject and ordered the building of a new museum after his visit. For the new building that was planned to be built with Turkish - German cooperation, the area which is an ol...
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