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NONVERBAL COMMUNİCATİON


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 Sayfa Sayısı : 7 Sayfa
 Dökümanın Dili : İngilizce
 Döküman Türü : Word Dökümanı
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Ödevin Özeti

NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION Social Psychology May, 2002 NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION In her book Inside Intuition (1971), Flora Davis explains that that the field of Communication is the offspring of five different disciplines: psychology, psychiatry, anthropology, sociology, and ethnology. This combination of human-oriented fields combines to create an amalgam in which human communication is studied from psychological, physical, and cultural viewpoints at the same time. The study of nonverbal communication, or Kinesics, fits that model of commutation well. Kinesics studies tend to be observations of real-world interaction, rather than scientific study. This requires knowledge of all of the multiple methods of learning used by these disciplines. (Ted Helm) Background It is important to note, as Desmond Morris does in his book Manwatching (1977), that humans distinguish themselves from most animals by thinking and building in addition to acting. This idea relates specifically to nonverbal communication, because kinesic gestures are often built, not instinctively known. In addition, kinesic actions may be less useful as singular actions than as groups. According to Desmond Morris (1977), we can classify actions in to five types: Inborn, Discovered, Absorbed, Trained, and Mixed Inborn actions include those that we know how to do without being taught. We identify these actions by observing that they are performed by cultures all around the world or by those who have had no chance to learn them. It is hard to be sure whether these actions are universal or not. Some researchers have theorized that the eyebrow flash used in greeting - acknowledging someone by raising, then lowering, ones eyebrows quickly - may be an inborn trait. Discovered actions occur with great frequency across cultures because they are easy for us to discover: crossing arms, sitting cross-legged or kneeling, are all actions well-suited to our body-mechanics. Discovered actions are especially hard to distinguish from inborn actions, as they can be common across many cultures as well. The third class of actions are labelled absorbed actions. These actions are learned from others, primarily parents and teachers. They are culturally distinctive, but not necessarily culturally mandated. Commonly, absorbed actions are passed from influential, powerful persons to non-influential persons. Trained actions are consciously and explicitly learned and practiced. These include most skills - skipping, ballet, and brushing teeth, for example - and can take comparatively long amounts of time to learn. Often, these actions can blend with absorbed actions by becoming associated with a particular group. These actions actually form their own distinct group, mixed actions. Nonverbal Communication One aspect... - Üye olup tamamını bilgisayarınıza kaydedebilir, üzerinde değişiklik yapabilir, yazıcı çıktısı alabilirsiniz.